Making your own paint in a wide range of colours and effects can be exciting, rewarding and cheaper than buying an off-the-shelf product.
We believe paint to be complicated and rather mysterious in composition; however, it is, basically, a mixture of pigments that provide colour, fillers that establish opacity and coverage, plus some binder or adhesive that sticks to a wall.
Below are some DIY Recipes for paint that are not only environmentally friendly but also cost-effective:
Flour Paint provides beautiful results, requires little maintenance and will last up to ten years. Best of all, it will cost a fraction of the price of regular industrial paint. It is made from water, soap, linseed oil, pigments, iron sulphate, and flour.
With below the ingredients you’ll make 10 litres of Flour Paint, which will cover approximately 35 square meters per coat. You can adapt the amount based on your needs.
8 litres of Water
650g of White Flour
2.5kg of iron oxides or earth pigments
250g of Iron Sulfate
1 litre of Linseed Oil
100ml of black soap or colourless dishwashing soap
- In a large metal pot, bring 7 litres of water to a boil.
- Simultaneously, mix the flour in 1 litre of water. Pour the mixture in the boiling water and let it cook for 15 minutes while stirring.
- Add the colouring pigments along with the Iron Sulfate, and continue stirring for 15 minutes.
- Add the twice boiled Linseed Oil, and stir for an additional 15 minutes.
- Put in the liquid soap, stir, remove from the heat and let the mixture cool off.
- The paint is ready to be used.
* If it seems too thick or sticky, dilute it with water until you get the desired consistency.
- Don’t apply when the surface is exposed directly to the sun, or on wood that is wet. The temperature has to be above 5°C.
- For new wood, it is recommended to use a primer, made from the paint diluted with 15-25% water.
- Use a paintbrush to apply. Administer the first coat that will dry within an hour.
- Wait at least 24 hours to apply a final coat.
- It is recommended that you apply an additional coat approximately two years after the first application. This is to ensure the paint will last about ten years.
- The darker the pigment, the longer the paint will last.
Clay paint has several possible applications. Potentially one of its greatest uses is to give an otherwise dull interior wall a warm earthy tone. It’s completely compatible with drywall.
Making clay paint is simple: the three ingredients are clay, sand, and wheat paste. You can choose to buy bagged powdered clay, or dig up your own in the backyard.
1 part screened clay
1 part fine sand
1 part wheat past
- Bring 4 cups of water to a boil.
- While water gets hot, add 1 cup white flour to two cups of cold water.
- Stir well to get rid of chunks.
- Add water & flour mixture to boiling water and stir well.
- Keep stirring over low/medium heat while the mix thickens, and be cautious not to burn the bottom.
- As soon as the liquid is thickened, remove from heat.
- The final texture should be smooth, and the consistency has to be fairly thick, similar to peanut butter.
This is not the kind of paint that you can roll on. Instead, you will use a wide paintbrush to apply the paint to your surface.
This conventional recipe employs lime to create a more robust, durable Milk Paint that is affordable and simple to make. Pigment colours can be used in milk paint since the little bit of lime in the recipe won’t lead to loss of colour. It is considered an interior paint unless properly coated with a suitable exterior topcoat.
For this recipe, we’re making use of fresh milk that’ll be turned into curds with the help of vinegar or lemon juice. By curdling to produce Quark, the milk protein is concentrated inside curds creating a more robust paint. Also, it won’t be prone to mould as milk paints produced from fresh milk can be.
3800 ml skim milk (milk must be fat-free and fresh, not powdered)
2 cups white vinegar
112 grams Hydrated Lime Type S*
200 grams pigment
Water for rinsing
*If you’re working with lime putty on this recipe as opposed to lime powder, use double the weight of putty and alter any added water to create the correct consistency.
- Leave a jug of skim milk in a warm spot for a couple of days to turn sour. (To hurry up the souring process, steadily add several drops of lemon juice to the milk until you start to see it curdle. Incorporating fresh lemon juice makes the curds acidic, so wash them thoroughly.)
- Hang the curds in a linen cloth or cheesecloth to drain off the excess whey.
To make lime putty:
- Use Type S lime (dry powder), obtainable in large bags at building-supply retailers. You’ll require under a cup for four litres of paint, but you can store lime forever.
- In a container, slowly add water to the dry powder until a toothpaste-like thickness is reached.
- Mix lime putty and curds by using a blender or a power drill with a paint-mixing bit. Add extra water if needed.
- Strain this mixture to get rid of any lumps and rinse the blender straight away.
- On a surface that can easily be wiped clean, mash the pigments using a rolling pin.
- Add ground pigment to the casein, water and lime mixture.
- Add leftover liquid and filler.
- The initial coat of milk paint can look thin. Should your base be too absorbent, the primary coat can be diluted 20 to 50% with water to use as a priming coat.
- When dry, milk paint can be shielded with practically any topcoat whether all-natural or acrylic/urethane.
- A protective final coat is advisable and definitely will boost the colour.
Chalk Paint given its name since it is applied smoothly, it dries quickly. It can easily be sanded to make your item have a distressed look. Chalk paint requires no prepping or sanding of anything you wish to paint outside or inside. It covers and dries quickly and easily.
There are numerous different methods to make chalk paint. The DIY process consists of two basic steps that require gentle mixing, pouring and stirring of various ingredients. Refer to the instructions below to create your own chalk paint:
Listed here are three of the most widely used chalk paint recipes: Plaster of Paris, Baking soda, and unsanded grout. There are three ingredients for each recipe by using the quantities given below; you can make more than a cup of paint each.
Plaster of Paris chalk paint
1-1/2 tablespoons water
2-1/2 tablespoons Plaster of Paris
1 cup latex paint
Baking soda chalk paint
Three tablespoons lukewarm water
1/2 cup baking soda
1 cup latex paint
Unsanded grout chalk paint
One tablespoon lukewarm water
Two tablespoons unsanded grout
1 cup latex paint
- In all three of these recipes, mix the first two ingredients first and then combine with the latex paint.
Casein paint from curds and borax
Pigmentation that creates the most desirable outcomes commonly originates from natural mineral and plant sources. Pigments are usually relatively harmless or extremely toxic, and it’s vital to understand the difference.
75% combined filler like chalk, powdered marble or mica, as well as a mix of these
- In a small container, combine borax with hot water until dissolved. Let it cool.
- Put curds into a big container.
- Add the borax/water mixture and let it rest for around 2 hours.
- Include filler in the container.
- Thin with water to achieve the desired consistency.
*Applying a couple of thin coats is better than one.
Casein paint from powder and lime putty
1/4 cup casein powder
2 to 3 cups water
One tablespoon lime putty
If opaque paint is preferred: Add less than 2 cups chalk or powdered marble.
- Soak casein powder in a little more than 1 cup of water for several hours or overnight.
- Blend lime putty (or borax) with the water/casein.
- Mix with an electric drill for a few minutes.
- Add another cup of water.
- Add chalk or powdered marble. Adjust water as needed.
The paint can look fairly translucent when applied. However, it will become more solid as it dries. Avoid the urge to paint thicker coats. It’s beneficial to apply a priming coat of a weak casein solution, particularly on porous plaster and stone surfaces.
Whether you choose to make your own paint or buy paint products off the shelf, and you need to hire painting contractors to help you with your paint job, be sure to visit painterscapetown.com. By filling in the online form, you can obtain four quotes from the best painting companies in Cape Town. Getting prices on painting has never been easier.
5 Unbelievable DIY Paint Recipes That Will Save You Money On Your Next Painting Project